STUDENT INNOVATIVE PROJECTS

 

(ACADEMIC YEAR: 2015-2016)

 

Title of the Project:

DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF SOLAR POWERED AUTO CHARGING GRINDING MACHINE

 

Abstract: Grinding is a metal removing operation performed by means of rotating abrasive wheel that acts as a tool. This operation is used to get high surface finish and good dimensional accuracy. This project aim is to design and fabrication of solar powered grinding machine is used for grinding any shape of object like Circular, Rectangular, and Polygon.  In our project grinding machine is used to grinding the different types of material. The grinding machine is rotated by the single-phase induction motor by using solar power hence our project namely solar powered auto charging grinding machine. According to the type of material to be grind, the grinding tool can be changed and speeds are varied. This machine can be widely applied in almost all type of industries. By varying the pulley sizes we can get a maximum speed up to 10,000 rpm.

 

Title of the project:

SOLAR OPERATED PESTICIDE SPRAYER

 

Abstract: As the world’s population increases and the diets of the developing world continue to improve, demand for meat and crops means food production could need to increase by up to 70% by 2050. Fertilizers will undoubtedly play a major role in this production uplift. Soil fertility largely depends on its nutrient status: the amounts and rates of nutrient supplies for plant growth. An adequate nutrient supply is an essential factor in plant growth. If there is an adequate supply of nutrients in the soil, plants are likely to grow well and produce high yields. If even one of the nutrients needed is in short supply, plant growth is limited and yields are reduced.

 In Indian farms generally two types of spray pumps are used for spraying; hand operated spray pump and fuel operated spray pump. Among which hand operated spray pump is most popular. The main drawback of hand operated spray pump is that the user can’t use it for more than 5-6 hours continuously as he gets tired after some hours where as fuel operated spray pump requires fuel which is expensive and availability of fuel is not easy at rural places. At the same time it exhausts carbon dioxide as pollutant which is harmful to our environment. In such situation we should think to move towards some non-conventional energy. Considering it, solar energy would be one of the solutions. It can be most often used at various locations such as farms, gardens although it can become more popular in rural areas as well. The additional advantage of this project is it can be used as home by charging the mobile as its battery can be used at night too.

 

Title of the Project:

THREE AXES PNEUMATIC MODERN TRAILER

 

Abstract: This project work titled "Three Axis Pneumatic Modem Trailer" has been conceived having studied the difficulty in unloading the materials. Our survey in the regard in several automobile garages, revealed the facts that mostly some difficult methods were adopted in unloading the materials from the trailer. The trailer will unload the material in only one single direction. It is difficult to unload the materials in small compact streets and small roads. In our project these are rectified to unload the trailer in all three sides very easily.

Now the project has mainly concentrated on this difficulty, and hence a suitable arrangement has been designed. Such that the vehicles can be unloaded from the trailer in three axes without application of any impact force. By pressing the Direction control valve activated. The compressed air goes to the pneumatic cylinder through valve. The ram of the pneumatic cylinder acts as a lifting the trailer cabin. The automobile engine drive is coupled to the compressor engine, so that it stores the compressed air when the vehicle running. This compressed air is used to activate the pneumatic cylinder, when the valve is activated.

 

 

(ACADEMIC YEAR: 2016-2017)

 

Title of the Project:

EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION IN SI ENGINES TWO WHEELERS

 

Abstract: The Aim of project is to design and fabricate an exhaust gas recirculation system in which the exhaust of an automobile is filtered and recirculates to the engine. Automobile pollution is the major source of pollution. Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) works by recirculating a portion of an engine’s exhaust gas back to the engine cylinders. Exhaust gas is routed back into the combustion chamber because the exhausted air is much hotter than the intake air. Usually, an engine recalculates exhaust gas by piping it from the exhaust manifold to the inlet manifold. This design is called external EGR. A control valve (EGR Valve) with in the circuit regulates and times the gas flow. The exhaust gas is used to rotate the carbon filter with control by gate valve arrangement. Carbon filter used to filter the exhaust gas and pure gas to rotate to inlet manifold and unwanted gases are throughout by using gate valve arrangement. Pure gas mixture with inlet air of carburettor. It also good with regard to economic considerations and engine efficiency. In which the efficiency of the engine can be increased.

 

Title of the Project:

VEHICLE CONTROLLING WITH ALCOHOL DETECTION

 

Abstract: “Prevention is better than cure", we are all well aware of this quote. Every year many lives are drunken driving. Efforts are taken to save life after the accident. These circumstances can be prevented by introducing "alcohol sensor in to an automobile. This Sensor is connected to igniting parts through the electrical circuit. On installation of the mechanism in an automobile has initially the driver has to axle on to the sensor to start up the engine.

 

The vehicle will start if and only if the driver passes the test condition i.e, the exhaled air alcoholic percentage must be less than the Threshold value. If the limit crosses or if the driver avoids blowing on to the device the ignition will be interlocked. The output of the alcohol sensor is directly proportional to the concentration of alcohol in the breath. Through some electronic means these output is utilized to hand over the igniting system to the breath of the driver and not his hands.

 

While government regulations play an important role in ensuring vehicle safety, voluntary approaches to the design and implementation of vehicle safety systems are increasing in importance as vehicle manufacturers deploy safety systems well in advance of, and even in the absence of, government regulations requiring them. This paper provides an overview of of regulatory and non-regulatory approaches to vehicle technology development and deployment, and will describe a new, innovative public\private partnership underway to develop an in-vehicle alcohol detection system. In response to concerns about limited progress in reducing alcohol-impaired driving in the United States during the last decade, attention is focusing on technological approaches to the problem.

 

One strategy includes efforts to increase the application of current breath alcohol ignition interlocks on the vehicles of Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) offenders. The Automotive Coalition for Traffic Safety (ACTS, a group funded by vehicle manufacturers) Highway Traffic Safety Administration (HTSA) have commenced a 5-Year cooperative agreement entitled Driver Alcohol Detection System for Safety (DADSS) to explore the feasibility of. and the public policy challenges associated with, widespread use of in-vehicle alcohol detection technology to prevent alcohol-impaired driving. This paper will outline the approach being taken, and the significant challenges to overcome.

 

 

Title of the project:

EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF VAPOUR COMPRESSION REFRIGERATION SYSTEM USING CAPILLARY TUBES AND CONDENSERS

 

Abstract: Most of the household refrigerator works on the vapor compression refrigeration system which has high coefficient of performance. The system consists of components like compressor, condenser, expansion valve and evaporator. The system of performance depends on the performance of all the components of the system.

 

The main objective of the project work is to find coefficient of performance of refrigeration system using different capillary tubes and condensers, in particular, household refrigerators and freezers. The model is based on the assumption that the length of a capillary tube is dependent on five primary variables, namely the capillary tube inner diameter, the mass flow rate of the refrigerant in the capillary tube, the pressure difference between high side and low side, the refrigerant sub cooling at capillary inlet and the relative roughness of the capillary tube material. The model is validated with previous studies over a range of operating conditions and is found to agree reasonably well with the experimental data for HFCI34a.

 


(ACADEMIC YEAR: 2017-2018)


Title of the Project: Design and Fabrication of Manually operated Seed Planter Machine


Abstract:

The basic requirements for small scale cropping machines are, they should be suitable for small farms, simple in design and technology and versatile for use in different farm operations. A manually operated template row planter was designed and developed to improve planting efficiency and reduce drudgery involved in manual planting method. Seed planting is also possible for different size of seed at variable depth and space between two seed. Also it increased seed planting, seed/fertilizer placement accuracies and it was made of durable and cheap material affordable for the small scale peasant farmers. The operating, adjusting and maintaining principles were made simple for effective handling by unskilled operators (farmers).


Keyword: Seed, Frame, Wheel, Metering Mechanism, Hopper, Seed Tube, Handle.


 

Title of the Project:

Fabrication of Wheel Spray Pump for Agriculture

 

Abstract: India is a developing country. It has a rich land source which is the best suited for agriculture. Rural people, who constitute nearly 70 percent of population, are dependent on agriculture as a main occupation. It is very essential to develop methods for better agriculture. Technology can effectively alter the production rate by providing various modern agricultural implements which save man hour and money. It is also well known fact that India is characterized by low per capita income. Therefore it necessitates the technological people or the agricultural engineering who provide agricultural implements; which are most sophisticated and can be procured by the farmers at feasible rates Present day in agriculture the sprayers play an important role in spraying pesticides. Although sprayers varies like motorized, hand operated and in helicopter. The current idea on sprayer in our project is to utilize effectively, the weight of man which is wasted while moving to the field. In the conventional sprayer one has to use left hand or right hand or both the hands to give pressure. In this project an attempt is made to use the gravitational force (weight) of a person (farmer) which is wasted while walking in the field.

 


Title of the project:

Performance and Analysis of a Turbo Charged Two Wheeler Engine


Abstract: In present   situation everybody in this world needs to ride a high powered, high fuel efficient and less emission two wheelers.  In order to meet the requirements of the people an attempt  have been made this  in this project to increase the power by using the exhaust gas of  the engine by  passing this gas on to  turbine compressor arrangement, This compressor compresses the fresh air and is sent to the carburettor. The authors have mainly aimed to increase the air fuel ratio therefore all the requirements were   fulfilled by this process.  The result shows a reduction in fuel consumption of the base engine.


Turbochargers are used throughout the automotive industry as they can enhance the output of an internal combustion (IC) engine without the need to increase its cylinder capacity. The application     of   such    a   mechanical    device   enables   automotive manufacturers to adopt smaller displacement   engines, commonly known as "engine downsizing". Historically,   turbochargers   were often used to increase the potential of an already powerful IC engine.


Keywords: Turbocharger, Volumetric   Efficiency,   Spark Ignition Engine, Exhaust Emissions, Total Fuel Consumption (TFC)